How to Start Your Own Hydroponic Garden,how to make a homemade hydroponic system step-by step pdf
Is hydroponics for you? To help you decide, here’s a primer on hydroponic gardening. We’re assuming you’re new to hydroponics, so we’ve tried to anticipate your questions, starting with the basics. (And if we’ve missed something, let us know in the comments.)
What is Hydroponics?
Hydroponics is a method of growing plants in a soilless solution. Because the method is called hydroponics and “hydro” means water, most people think the soilless solution is water. Of course, it can be water, but it doesn’t have to be. Hydroponics can be any nutrient solution or inert growing medium such as perlite and sand — basically anything other than traditional potting mixes or soil.
Is It Complicated?
It doesn’t have to be. In fact, hydroponic growing can be so simple that a child can do it. There’s even a good chance you gave it a try when you were a kid. Did you ever put toothpicks in a potato and suspend it in a jar of water? If so, do you remember waiting for the roots to grow into the water and then watching green shoots emerge from the portion above the water? That’s hydroponics!
What Do I Need to Get Started?
You’ll need a hydroponics system, hydroponic nutrients, an inert hydroponics medium, a light source, time and plants.
What Is a Hydroponics System?
Hydroponics systems are various structures (e.g., towers, trays, A-frames) that hold water or other inert media and provide places to grow plants. Hydroponics systems fall into two basic categories: a solution (liquid) culture and an aggregate culture. In a solution system, the plant roots grow directly into a nutrient-filled solution. In an aggregate system, such as gravel, sand, or small clay pellets, the roots grow into the medium. In each method, the system supplies the three essential ingredients plant roots need to grow: water/moisture, nutrients and oxygen.
Different types of systems are available to meet individual comfort levels in growing plants hydroponically. These include drip, ebb and flow, nutrient film technique (seen at right), water culture, aeroponics and wick.
Where Do I Get a Hydroponics System?
Systems (think kits for home growing) are available from a variety of commercial suppliers. Look for a system that fits your needs by doing an Internet search with the key words “hydroponic kits” or “hydroponic systems.” Searches for “kits” may bring up simple systems ideal for newcomers to hydroponics and for home growing. On the other hand, searches for “systems” may tend to find advanced or commercial systems more suitable for large-scale growers.
Can I Build My Own?
If you are handy, you can definitely design and build your own system. Several sites offer lists of free hydroponics system designs. An advantage to building your own system is that you can customize the design to fit your space and the kinds of plants you want to grow.
How About Nutrients and Medium?
You’ll want to apply nutrients — a mixture of number one, secondary and micro — designed for hydroponics. For a selection of motives, hydroponic vitamins differ from vitamins (fertilizers) used to feed flora developing in the soil. In case you are not already familiar with hydroponics, maintain it easy. Use a tested formula that you may purchase from a reliable producer.
Except water, hydroponic medium possibilities include rockwool, small clay rocks (once in a while referred to as hydrocorn), coconut fiber or chips, perlite, sand and vermiculite. All of these are “inert,” which means that they don’t spoil down quick, a process that facilitates supply nutrients to plants growing in soil. One hydroponic material isn’t higher than every other. You simply want to determine which one works satisfactory on your situation or satisfactory suits your gardening consolation stage. A crucial issue is to avoid maintaining medium like coconut byproducts from turning into too moist. Continuously soggy medium will reason the roots to suffocate from a lack of oxygen.
Why Don’t Roots Suffocate When Grown in Water?
We knew you’d ask that! Air pumps used in water systems generate bubbles and increase the dissolved oxygen in water, both of which supply oxygen to the submerged roots.
What About Light?
One-of-a-kind styles of artificial lights exist, however metal halide seems to be the mild supply of desire amongst many gardeners. Different varieties of synthetic lights consist of high-stress sodium bulbs, LEDs, excessive-output fluorescents and compact fluorescents. This assumes that you are developing hydroponically indoors.
Can I Grow Hydroponically Outdoors?
Of course! Growing plants hydroponically is not an indoor, winter-only sport! Hydroponics will work anywhere with sufficient artificial or natural light.
How Much Time Does It Take?
Like all hobbies, hydroponic growing takes time. Assuming you are new to hydroponics, you’ll want to invest some time in learning more about the process before you get started. Although you don’t have to spend time weeding like you do in a traditional garden, you do have to spend time maintaining your system, replacing nutrients and harvesting.
Is This a Type of Organic Gardening?
Not exactly. The ingredients in organic fertilizers have to come into contact with soil for them to be converted into a form that plant roots can absorb. Because hydroponics doesn’t involve soil, it’s not really organic gardening. The ecological values of hydroponics, however, are the same as organic gardening.
What Kind of Plants Can I Grow?
The simple answer is almost any houseplant, fruit or vegetable that you want. As a general rule, solution systems are best for plants with shallow roots. Some examples are leafy greens, such as lettuce and spinach, radishes and herbs. Aggregate systems generally are best for vegetables with deep roots, such as beets, or those that are top heavy, such as squash and cucumbers.
What Kind of Yields Can I Expect?
With the right balance of light and other growing conditions, growth rates and yields are said to exceed to traditional gardening, including organic gardening.
What About Taste?
The flavor and nutrition of hydroponically grown produce is also said to exceed that of soil-grown crops.